A Covalent Organic Cage Compound Acting as a Supramolecular Shadow Mask for the Regioselective Functionalization of C60

A trigonal-bipyramidal covalent organic cage compound serves as an efficient host to form stable 1:1-complexes with C60 and C70. Fullerene encapsulation has been comprehensively studied by NMR and UV/Vis spectroscopy, mass spectrometry as well as single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Exohedral functionalization of encapsulated C60 via threefold Prato reaction revealed high selectivity for the symmetry-matched all-trans-3 addition pattern.