A Computational and Literature-Based Evaluation for a Combination of Chiral Anti-CoV Drugs to Block and Eliminate SARS-CoV-2 Safely
It has been a great challenge for scientists to develop an anti-covid drug/vaccine with fewer side effects, since the coronavirus began. Of course, the prescription of chiral drugs (chloroquine or hydroxychloroquine) has been proved wrong because these chiral drugs neither kill the virus nor eliminate it from the body, but block SARS-CoV-2 from binding to human cells. Another hurdle in front of the world, is not only the positive test of the patient recovered from coronavirus but also the second wave of Covid 19. Hence, the word demands such a drug or drug combination which not only prevents the entry of SARS-CoV-2 in the human cell but also eliminates it or its material from the body completely. The presented computational study explains (i) why the prescription of chiral drugs was not satisfactory (ii) what types of modification can make their prescription satisfactory (iii) the mechanism of action of chiral drugs (chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine) to block SARS-CoV-2 from binding to human cells, and (iv) the strength of mefloquine to eliminate SARS-CoV-2. As the main protease (Mpro) of microbes is considered as an effective target for drug design and development, the binding affinities of mefloquine with the main proteases (Mpros) of JC virus and SARS-CoV-2, were calculated, and then compared to know the eliminating strength of mefloquine against SARS-CoV-2. The main protease (Mpro) of JC virus was taken because mefloquine has already shown a tremendous result of eliminating it from the body. The current study includes the docking results and literature data in support of the prescription of a combination of S-(+)-hydroxychloroquine and (+) mefloquine. Besides, the presented study also confirms that the prescription of only hydroxychloroquine would not be so effective as in combined form with mefloquine.