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A Click-Flipped Enzyme Substrate Boosts the Performance of the Diagnostic Screening for Hunter Syndrome

preprint
submitted on 26.08.2020 and posted on 26.08.2020 by Markus Schwarz, Philipp Skrinjar, Michael J. Fink, Stefan Kronister, Thomas Mechtler, Panagiotis Koukos, Alexandre M.J.J. Bonvin, David Kasper, Hannes Mikula
We report on the unexpected finding that click modification of iduronyl azides results in a conformational flip of the pyranose ring, which led to the development of a new strategy for the design of superior enzyme substrates for the diagnostic assaying of iduronate-2-sulfatase (I2S), a lysosomal enzyme related to Hunter syndrome. Synthetic substrates are essential in testing newborns for metabolic disorders to enable early initiation of therapy. Our click-flipped iduronyl triazole showed a remarkably better performance with I2S than commonly used O-iduronates. We found that both O- and triazole-linked substrates are accepted by the enzyme, irrespective of their different conformations, but only the O-linked product inhibits the activity of I2S. Thus, in the long reaction times required for clinical assays, the triazole substrate substantially outperforms the O-iduronate. Applying our click-flipped substrate to assay I2S in dried blood spots sampled from affected patients and random newborns significantly increased the confidence in discriminating between these groups, clearly indicating the potential of the click-flip strategy to control the biomolecular function of carbohydrates.

History

Email Address of Submitting Author

hannes.mikula@tuwien.ac.at

Institution

TU Vienna

Country

Austria

ORCID For Submitting Author

0000-0002-9218-9722

Declaration of Conflict of Interest

The authors declare no conflict of interest.

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