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A Bifunctional Iron Nickel Catalyst for the Oxygen Evolution Reaction

preprint
submitted on 24.10.2018 and posted on 25.10.2018 by fang song, Michael Busch, Benedikt Lassalle-Kaiser, Chia-Shuo Hsu, Elitsa Petkucheva, Michaël Bensimon, Hao Ming Chen, Clemence Corminboeuf, Xile Hu
The oxygen evolution reaction (OER) is a key process that enables the storage of renewable energies in the form of chemical fuels. Although numerous transition metal oxides have been explored as OER catalysts, the scaling relationship of the binding energies of various surface-bound intermediates imposes a limit on the maximum activity of these oxides. While previous computational studies have suggested bifunctional catalysts might be capable of overcoming this limit, stable and non-precious catalysts of this type remain elusive. Here, we describe a catalyst that exhibits activity significantly higher than current state-of-the-art catalysts that operate in alkaline solutions, including the benchmark nickel iron oxide. This new catalyst is both easy to prepare and stable for many hours. Operando X-ray absorption spectroscopic data reveal that the catalyst is made of nanoclusters of gamma-FeOOH covalently linked to the edge sites of a gamma-NiOOH support. According to density functional theory computations, this structure allows a reaction path involving iron as the oxygen evolving center and a nearby terrace O site on the gamma-NiOOH support oxide as a hydrogen acceptor. This bifunctional mechanism circumvents the aforementioned maximum activity limit associated with the scaling relationship and leads to superior OER activity.

History

Email Address of Submitting Author

xile.hu@epfl.ch

Institution

Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL)

Country

Switzerland

ORCID For Submitting Author

0000-0001-8335-1196

Declaration of Conflict of Interest

A European priority patent application (no. 16189000.9) titled “Method of synthesis of an electrode for use as a catalyst of oxygen evolution reaction” was filed by EPFL with X.L. Hu, F. Song, and E. Petkucheva as inventors.

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