Xenon Trioxide Adducts of O-Donor Ligands; [(CH3)2CO]3XeO3, [(CH3)2SO]3(XeO3)2, (C5H5NO)3(XeO3)2, and [(C6H5)3PO]2XeO3

Oxygen coordination to the Xe(VI) atom of XeO<sub>3</sub> was observed in its adducts with triphenylphosphine oxide, dimethylsulfoxide, pyridine-N-oxide, and acetone. The crystalline adducts were characterized by low-temperature, single-crystal X-ray diffraction and Raman spectroscopy. Unlike solid XeO<sub>3</sub>, which detonates when mechanically or thermally shocked, the solid [(C<sub>6</sub>H<sub>5</sub>)<sub>3</sub>PO]<sub>2</sub>XeO<sub>3</sub>, [(CH<sub>3</sub>)<sub>2</sub>SO]<sub>3</sub>(XeO<sub>3</sub>)<sub>2</sub>,<sub> </sub>and (C<sub>5</sub>H<sub>5</sub>NO)<sub>3</sub>(XeO<sub>3</sub>)<sub>2</sub> adducts are insensitive to mechanical shock, but undergo rapid deflagration when ignited by a flame. Both [(C<sub>6</sub>H<sub>5</sub>)<sub>3</sub>PO]<sub>2</sub>XeO<sub>3 </sub>and (C<sub>5</sub>H<sub>5</sub>NO)<sub>3</sub>(XeO<sub>3</sub>)<sub>2</sub> are air-stable whereas [(CH<sub>3</sub>)<sub>2</sub>SO]<sub>3</sub>(XeO<sub>3</sub>)<sub>2</sub> slowly decomposes over several days and [(CH<sub>3</sub>)<sub>2</sub>CO]<sub>3</sub>XeO<sub>3</sub> undergoes adduct dissociation at room temperature. The xenon coordination sphere of [(C<sub>6</sub>H<sub>5</sub>)<sub>3</sub>PO]<sub>2</sub>XeO<sub>3</sub> is a distorted square pyramid which provides the first example of a five-coordinate XeO<sub>3</sub> adduct. The xenon coordination spheres of the remaining adducts are distorted octahedra comprised of three Xe---O secondary contacts that are approximately trans to the primary Xe–O bonds of XeO<sub>3</sub>. Quantum-chemical calculations were used to assess the Xe---O adduct bonds, which are predominantly electrostatic σ-hole bonds between the nucleophilic oxygen atoms of the bases and the σ-holes of the xenon atoms.