The Master Key to the Problem of Reversible Chemical Hydrogen Storage is 12 kJ (mol H<sub>2</sub>)<sup>-1</sup>

2019-05-31T14:38:27Z (GMT) by Roland Hermann Pawelke
<p>This article outlines a potent theoretical formalism illuminating the boundaries to reversible solid hydrogen storage based on the ideal gas law and classic equilibrium thermodynamics. A global picture of chemical reversible hydrogen sorption is unveiled including a thermodynamic explanation of partial reversibility. This is utilized to elucidate a multitude of issues from metal hydride chemistry: Highlights are why the substitution of a mere 4 mol % Na by K in Ti-doped NaAlH<sub>4</sub> raises the reversible storage capacity by 42 % and elaboration of the reaction pathway in (Rb/K)H-doped Mg(NH<sub>2</sub>)<sub>2</sub>/2LiH. The findings of this work allow for a change of paradigm towards the understanding of reversible chemical energy storage and provide a hitherto missing tool of ample analytic and predictive power, complementary to experiment.</p>