Synthetic Elaboration of Native DNA by RASS (SENDR)

The controlled, site-specific ligation of molecules to native DNA remains an unanswered challenge. Herein, we report a simple solution to achieve this ligation through the tactical combination of two recently developed technologies: One for the manipulation of DNA in organic media, and another for the chemoselective labeling of alcohols. Reversible Adsorption of Solid Support (RASS) is employed to immobilize DNA and facilitate its transfer into dry acetonitrile. Subsequent ligation with P(V)-based Ψ reagents takes place in high yield with exquisite selectivity for the exposed 3’ or 5’ alcohols on DNA. This two-stage process, dubbed SENDR for Synthetic Elaboration of Native DNA by RASS, can be applied to a multitude of DNA conformations and sequences with a variety of functionalized Ψ reagents to generate useful constructs. Such entities can address numerous longstanding challenges, including the selective single coupling of DNA to proteins, ASOs, and functional small molecules, and also can allow the synthesis of doubly-labeled congeners for novel probe constructs including ones of potential interest to COVID-19 research. Finally, a prototype for the industrialization of SENDR in a kit format is presented.