Sulfonyl isocyanides RSO2NC

2017-12-20T15:28:38Z (GMT) by Curt Wentrup Horst Briehl
Flash vacuum pyrolysis (FVP) of 5-azido-1-aryltetrazoles results in triple N<sub>2</sub> elimination and formation of aryl isocyanides RNC, which rearrange in part to aroylnitriles RCN under the reaction conditions. Similar FVP of 5-azido-1-arenesulfonyltetrazoles generates a compound absorbing in the IR spectrum (77 K) at 2090 cm<sup>-1 </sup>and assigned the structure of arenesulfonyl isocyanide, ArSO<sub>2</sub>NC <b>11</b>. FVP at temperatures above 600 <sup>o</sup>C results in progressively more nitrile ArSO<sub>2</sub>CN <b>12</b>. Compound <b>11</b> also disappears on warming above -80 <sup>o</sup>C