Renormalization Group Theory Applied to the CPA Equation of State: Impacts on Phase Equilibrium and Derivative Properties

Calculation of thermodynamic properties such as vapor-liquid phase behavior with equations of state is largely and successfully employed in chemical engineering applications.<br>However, in the proximities of the critical point, the different density-fluctuation scales inherent to critical phenomena introduce significant changes in these thermodynamic properties, with which the classical equations of state are not prepared to deal.<br>Aiming at correcting this failure, we apply a renormalization-group methodology to the CPA equation of state in order to improve the thermodynamic description in the vicinity of critical points.<br>We use this approach to compute vapor-liquid equilibrium of pure components and binary mixtures, as well as derivative properties such as speed of sound and heat capacity.<br>Our results show that this methodology is able to provide an equation of state with the correct non-classical behavior, thus bringing it in consonance with experimental observation of vapor-liquid equilibrium and derivative properties in near-critical conditions.