Renormalization Group Theory Applied to the CPA Equation of State: Impacts on Phase Equilibrium and Derivative Properties

Calculation of thermodynamic properties such as vapor-liquid phase behavior with equations of state is largely and successfully employed in chemical engineering applications.
However, in the proximities of the critical point, the different density-fluctuation scales inherent to critical phenomena introduce significant changes in these thermodynamic properties, with which the classical equations of state are not prepared to deal.
Aiming at correcting this failure, we apply a renormalization-group methodology to the CPA equation of state in order to improve the thermodynamic description in the vicinity of critical points.
We use this approach to compute vapor-liquid equilibrium of pure components and binary mixtures, as well as derivative properties such as speed of sound and heat capacity.
Our results show that this methodology is able to provide an equation of state with the correct non-classical behavior, thus bringing it in consonance with experimental observation of vapor-liquid equilibrium and derivative properties in near-critical conditions.