Membrane Disruption by Very Long Chain Fatty Acids During Necroptosis

In this work we investigate the mechanisms by which very long chain fatty acids (VLCFA) contribute to membrane permeabilization during necroptosis, a form of highly regulated necrotic cell death. We show that inactivating fatty acid elongase ELOVL7 prevents VLCFA accumulation and necroptotic cell death, while it's overexpression causes membrane permeabilization. We show that VLCFA can directly permeabilize lipid bilayers and investigate the basis of these effects by molecular dynamics simulations. Finally, we show that VLCFA can be used as substrates for protein fatty acylation during necroptosis, suggesting another potential mechanism by which VLCFA may mediate membrane permeabilization.