LOBSTER: Local Orbital Projections, Atomic Charges, and Chemical Bonding Analysis from Projector-Augmented-Wave-Based DFT

We present an update on recently developed methodology and functionality in the computer program LOBSTER (Local Orbital Basis Suite Towards Electronic-Structure Reconstruction) for chemical-bonding analysis in periodic systems. LOBSTER is based on an analytic projection from projector-augmented wave (PAW) densityfunctional theory (DFT) computations [J. Comput. Chem. 2013, 34, 2557], reconstructing chemical information in terms of local, auxiliary atomic orbitals and thereby opening the output of PAW-based DFT codes to chemical interpretation. We demonstrate how LOBSTER has been improved by taking into account time reversal symmetry, thereby speeding up the DFT and LOBSTER calculations by a factor of 2. Over the recent years, the functionalities have also been continually expanded, including accurate projected densities of states (DOS), crystal orbital Hamilton population (COHP) analysis, atomic and orbital charges, gross populations, and the recently introduced 𝒌-dependent COHP. The software is offered free-of-charge for non-commercial research.