Kinetics and Thermodynamics of the Hydroxylation Products in the Photodegradation of the Herbicide Metolachlor

<p>Electronic structure calculations have been performed to determine the thermochemistry and kinetics of the reaction between OH and the radicals of the S enantiomer of the herbicide Metolachlor, 2-chloro-N-(2-methyl-6-ethylphenyl)-N(2-methoxy-1-methylethyl) acetamide (MC), produced by photoinduced breaking of the C-Cl bond. Both density functional and ab initio composite methods were employed to calculate the structure of reactants, intermediates, transition states and products. The expected relative abundance of each product was calculated. and compared to the experimentally observed concentrations. It is shown that a combination of thermodynamic and kinetic characteristics interplay to produce the expected theoretical abundances, which turn out to be in agreement with the experimentally observed distribution of products.</p>