Investigation of Charge-Transfer Interactions Induced by Encapsulating Fullerene in a Mesoporous Tetrathiafulvalene-Based Metal-Organic Framework

The design of Metal-Organic Frameworks (MOFs) incorporating electroactive guest molecules in the pores has become a subject of great interest in order to install additional electrical functionalities within the framework while maintaining porosity. In this direction, understanding the charge-transfer (CT) process between the framework and the guest molecules is crucial towards the design of new electroactive MOFs. Herein, we present the encapsulation of fullerenes (C60) in a mesoporous tetrathiafulvalene(TTF)-based MOF. The CT process between the electron-acceptor C60 guest and the electron-donor TTF ligand is studied in detail by means of different spectroscopic techniques and density functional theory calculations. Importantly, gas sorption measurements demonstrate that sorption capacity is maintained after encapsulation of fullerenes, whereas the electrical conductivity is increased by two orders of magnitude due to the CT interactions between C60and the TTF-based framework.