In-Flow Flash Nanoprecipitation of Size-Controlled D-Leucine Nanoparticles for Spray-Drying Formulations

<p>In this work we report the development of a cheap and scalable flow-based flash nanoprecipitation approach to prepare D-leucine nanoparticles particularly useful as glidants in dry powder for inhalation. Starting from preliminary batch screens, the process was successfully optimized and scaled-up under mesofluidic conditions. The nebulization with both mini and nano spray-dryer, the SEM analysis of nanoparticles and the aerodynamic evaluation of a formulation obtained by physical mixing of atomized D-leucine powders with budenoside showed an excellent decrease in particle size without altering the morphology, and a marked improvement in the aerodynamic properties of the drug. This simple and economic method by physical mixing of leucine with micronized active pharmaceutical ingredients can represent a valid alternative to co-spray-drying.</p>