Implementation of Geometry Dependent Charge Flux into Polarizable AMOEBA+ Potential

Molecular dynamics (MD) simulations employing classical force fields (FFs) have been widely used to model molecular systems. The important ingredient of the current FFs, atomic charge, remains fixed during MD simulations despite the atomic environment or local geometry changes. This approximation hinders the transferability of the potential being used in multiple phases. Here we implement a geometry dependent charge flux (GDCF) model into the multipole-based AMOEBA+ polarizable potential. The CF in the current work explicitly depends on the local geometry (bond and angle) of the molecule. To our knowledge, this is the first study that derives energy and force expressions due to GDCF in a multipole-based polarizable FF framework. Due to the inclusion of GDCF, the AMOEBA+ water model is noticeably improved in terms of describing the monomer properties, cluster binding/interaction energy and a variety of liquid properties, including the infrared spectra that previous flexible water models were not able to capture.