Green-to-Blue Triplet Fusion Upconversion Sensitized by Anisotropic CdSe Nanoplatelets

Green-to-blue photon upconversion bears great potential in photocatalytic applications. However, current hybrid inorganic-organic upconversion schemes utilizing spherical CdSe nanocrystals are often limited by energetic polydispersity, low quantum yields and an additional tunneling barrier resulting from the necessity of surface-passivating inorganic shells. In this contribution, we introduce anisotropic CdSe nanoplatelets as triplet sensitizers. Here, quantum confinement occurs in only one direction, erasing effects stemming from energetic polydispersity. We investigate the triplet energy transfer from the CdSe nanoplatelets to the surface-bound triplet acceptor 9-anthracene carboxylic acid. We further focus on the influence of nanoplatelet stacking and singlet back transfer on the observed upconversion efficiency. We obtain an upconversion quantum yield of 5.4% at a power density of 11 W/cm using the annihilator 9,10-diphenylanthracene, and a low efficiency threshold Ith of 237 mW/cm2.