Electrochemical-Based Serological Detection of Bovine Immunoglobulin G in Calves

Bovine antibodies, such as immunoglobulin G (IgG), cannot pass the placental barrier and as such are not transferred from the mother to the foetus, in utero. Instead a calf must absorb antibodies following ingestion of colostrum postpartum. Failure of Passive Transfer (FPT) is a condition that predisposes calves to development of disease and increases the risk of mortality. Thus, continuous early monitoring of IgG absorption in a calf, within the first 24 hours of life, is imperative to allow faster treatment and prevent FPT. In this paper, we present the development of a label-free impedimetric immunosensor device for bovine IgG in serum and demonstrate its suitability to determine early FPT in new-born calves. The developed sensors were challenged to discriminate between new born calf sera, both pre- and post-colostrum feeding, and demonstrated efficent detection of IgG in under 15 minutes. Such a device could enable rapid determination of FPT, thereby improving calves’ vitality and survival rate