Double-Emulsion Copolyester Microcapsules for Sustained Intraperitoneal Release of Carboplatin
Despite on-going medical advances, ovarian cancer survival rates have stagnated. In order to improve IP delivery of platinum-based antineoplastics, we aimed to develop a sustained drug delivery system for carboplatin (CPt). Toward this aim, we pursued a double emulsion process for obtaining CPt-loaded microcapsules composed of poly(ethylene terephthalate-ethylene dilinoleate) (PET‑DLA) copolymer. We were able to obtain PET-DLA microspheres in the targeted size range of 10–25 µm (median: 18.5 µm), to reduce intraperitoneal clearance by phagocytosis and lymphoid transit. Empty microspheres showed the lack of toxicity in vitro. The double emulsion process yielded 2.5% w/w CPt loading and obtained microcapsules exhibited sustained (>20 day) zero-order release. The encapsulated CPt was confirmed to be bioavailable, as the microcapsules demonstrated efficacy against human ovarian adenocarcinoma (SK-OV-3) cells in vitro. Following intraperitoneal injection in mice, we did not observe adhesions, only mild clinically-insignificant, local inflammatory response. Tissue platinum levels, monitored over 14 days using atomic absorption spectroscopy, revealed low burst and reduced systemic uptake (plasma, kidney), as compared to neat carboplatin injection. We conclude that the developed microencapsulation system could be used for long-term intraperitoneal sustained release of carboplatin for the treatment of ovarian cancer.