Bottom-up Creation of an Artificial Cell Covered with the Adhesive Bacterionanofiber Protein AtaA

This study demonstrates the bottom-up creation of an artificial cell which carries an active enzyme inside the cell and exhibit adhesive function to both hydrophobic and hydrophilic surfaces using AtaA, the adhesive bacterionanofiber protein from Acinetobacter sp. Tol 5, chemically coupled to the lipid membrane of the artificial cell.