A Physical Model for Understanding the Activation of MoS2 Basalplane Sulfur Atoms for the Hydrogen Evolution Reaction
2020-03-03T04:51:38Z (GMT) by
All the DFT calculations are done with the Vienna Ab Initio Simulation Package (VASP) using the projector augmented wave method. The Bayesian error estimation exchange-correlation functionals (BEEF) with van der Waals interactions are employed. A plane-wave cutoff energy of 400 eV is used together with PAW-PBE potentials where semi core p states are treated as valence. All the calculations allow for spin-polarization. The structures are relaxed until the force is converged to < 0.01 eV/Å. The lattice parameter of MoS2 unit cell, optimized with this functional, is 3.19 Å. A (4×4) supercell is used to model all the transition metal doped MoS2 systems studied here, including those with S vacancies. For calculations in the initial dopant structure exploration, the Brillouin zone is sampled with a 3x3x1 Monkhorst-Pack k-point mesh. A 6×6×1 Monkhorst-Pack k-point mesh is used for the H binding energy and density of states calculations. In all calculations, the vacuum layer is set as 15 Å to eliminate periodic interaction perpendicular to the basal plane.