A Long π-Conjugated Poly-para-Phenylene-Based Polymeric Segment of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes

Conjugated polymers have attracted much attention for many years and have applications in various organic devices. Carbon nanotubes can be considered as all-carbon tube-shaped conjugated polymers containing only sp2-bonded atoms, which play an important role in nanotechnology and nanoelectronics. So far, no study has reported the realization of long π-conjugated polymers as diameter-specified carbon nanotube segments. Herein, we report the first synthesis of a π-conjugated polymeric segment (PS1) of armchair single-walled carbon nanotubes. PS1 is achieved by a rationally designed synthesis of a bifunctionalized cyclo-para-phenylene monomer, followed by inserting these ring-shaped units into the conjugated poly-para-phenylene backbone. Our PS1 was fully characterized by gel permeation chromatography (GPC) combined with NMR, FTIR, and Raman spectra. Its photophysical and unique electronic properties were also investigated. Possessing unique structural and physical properties, this long π-extended polymer PS1 can provide new insight for the development of bottom-up syntheses of uniform carbon nanotube segments and potential applications in electron-transport devices.