5-Benzylidene-4-Oxazolidinones are Synergistic with Antibiotics for the Treatment of Staphylococcus Aureus Biofilms

The failure of frontline antibiotics in the clinic is one of the most serious threats to human health and requires a multitude of novel therapeutics and innovative treatment approaches to curtail the growing crisis. In addition to traditional resistance mechanisms resulting in the lack of efficacy of many antibiotics, most chronic and recurring infections are further made tolerant to antibiotic action by the presence of biofilms. Herein, we report an expanded set of 5-benzylidene-4-oxazolidinones that are able to inhibit the formation of Staphylococcus aureus biofilms, disperse preformed biofilms and in combination with common antibiotics are able to significantly reduce the bacterial load in a robust collagen-matrix model of biofilm infection.